Critical regionalism is an approach to architecture that consciously supplants the international style of Modern
Architecture by the designer responding in a place-specific way to the context of the immediate physical and cultural
context of the project so as to produce a project that has a sense of place and meaning. The term critical regionalism
was first used by Alexander Tzonis and Liane Lefaivre and later more famously by Kenneth Frampton. According to Frampton,
critical regionalism should adopt modern architecture critically for its universal progressive qualities but at the same
time should value responses particular to the context. Emphasis should be on topography, climate, light, tectonic form
rather than scenographic and photogenic driven design and the tactile sense rather than the visual. In the employment of
tectonics the designer is considerate of available resources, skills and and the associated traditions of local craft
South African practitioners that could be considered as falling into this category are
Anton DU TOIT
Progenitors of the tradition could be considered
Kenneth Frampton, 'Towards a Critical Regionalism: Six Points for an Architecture of Resistance', in The Anti-Aesthetic.
Essays on Postmodern Culture (1983) edited by Hal Foster, Bay Press, Port Townsen.
Alex Tzonis and Liliane Lefaivre, 'The grid and the pathway. An introduction to the work of Dimitris and Susana Antonakakis',
Architecture in Greece (1981) 15, Athens.
Critical Analysis of
'Towards a Critical Regionalism'
Alexander Tzonis Authorised website
[Extracted and edited from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_regionalism]
List of structures built in this style
|Coromandel - House Press, 1974, Mashishing (Lydenburg), Mpumalanga |
|Egon Guenther Gallery, 1965, Linksfield Ridge, Johannesburg, Gauteng |
|Gallery van Blerk, 1967, Emmarentia, Johannesburg, Gauteng |
|House Biermann, 1962, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal |
|House Boterman, 1960s, Buccleuch, Johannesburg, Gauteng |
|House Preller (Dombeya), 1960's, Hartbeespoort, North West |
|House Press (Coromandel), 1974, Mashishing (Lydenburg), Mpumalanga |
|House Turgel, 'Marakesh', 1960, Lyndhurst, Johannesburg, Gauteng |
|Land Bank, 1940, Ermelo, Mpumalanga |
|Land Bank, c1930s, Kroonstad, Free State |
|Land Bank, n.d., Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal |
|Land Bank, 1941, Potchefstroom, North West |
|St Anthony's Catholic Church, 1980, Coronationville, Johannesburg, Gauteng |
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