Born in Sandwick, Orkney Islands, Scotland.
J. J. KIRKNESS came to South Africa in 1879, and was first engaged in building operations in the then Natal Colony and the Orange Free State Republic. Eventually he made his headquarters in the Kirkness Building on Church Square in Pretoria, capital of the then South African Republic.
He was the contractor for numerous buildings here including the Raadsaal
Building on Church Square, Pretoria.
Mr. KIRKNESS was a member of the Pretoria Municipal Council for many years and a Mayor at one period.
The following entry is extracted from South African Who’s Who (Social and Business) 1927 – 1928; Ken Donaldson, Cape Town, 1927, pg 168. sent to us by William MARTINSON.
"Contractor; O.B.E.; J.P.; ex-Mayor of Pretoria; b.1857, at Sandwick, Orkney; e.s. of late Thomas Kirkness, of Leith. Educ. Sandwick, and Heriot-Watt Institution, Edinburgh; m.1884, M.A., d. of late Samuel Baikie; 4 Children. Came to Orange Free State in 1880, Transvaal 1885, Builder and Contractor. Proprietor of Groenkloof Brick, Tile, and Pottery Works. Member of Pretoria Club. Add., P.O. Box 44 Pretoria."
He died in Pretoria.
List of projects With photographs
|Officers' Houses: 1890s. Pretoria, Gauteng - Contractor |
|Raadsaal: 1889. Central, Pretoria, Gauteng - Contractor |
|ZAR Road Bridge over Hennops River, 'S(Z)esmylspruit' - Wierda Bridge: 1891. Swartkops, Pretoria, Gauteng - Contractor |
|ZAR Road Bridge over the Apies River, 'Arcadia' Bridge: 1888-1894. Arcadia, Pretoria, Gauteng - Contractor |
|ZAR Road Bridge over the Apies River, 'Leeubrug' / 'Lion Bridge' : 1894. Arcadia, Pretoria, Gauteng - Contractor |
|ZAR Road Bridge over the Apies River, Jacob Maré Street Bridge: 1888-1900. Sunnyside, Pretoria, Gauteng - Contractor |
Books citing KIRKNESS
|Erasmus, Koos and Friebus, Hein. 2008. Vergete padbrûe van die ZAR : 'n oorsig van die padbrûe wat gebou en beplan is tydens die regering van die Zuid-Afrikaanse Republiek. Centurion: Koos Erasmus and Hein Friebus: . pp 22, 31, 39, 44|
|Picton-Seymour, Désirée. 1989. Historical Buildings in South Africa. Cape Town: Struikhof Publishers. pp 126, 166, 175|
|SAWW & Donaldson, K. 1926. South African Who's Who (Social and Business) 1925-1926
. Cape Town: Ken Donaldson. pp 146|
|SAWW & Donaldson, K. 1938. South African Who's Who (Social and Business) 1938. Cape Town: Ken Donaldson. pp 137|