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Konsentrasiekampgedenktuin : Concentration Camp Memorial
Aliwal North, Eastern Cape

JI BOSMAN: Architect
WILLIE MAHER CONSTRUCTION: Contractor

Date:1981
Type:Memorial
Status:Extant

 


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Coordinates:
30°42'16.76" S 26°42'30.35" E

Quantity Surveyor: ROSS & KAT

Information on the design and construction team supplied by Hannes van der Berg, Aliwal North Museum.

Memorial to the concentration camp of the Anglo Boer War.

Wording on the commemorative stone:

THE CONCENTRATION CAMP AT ALIWAL NORTH
OPERATED FROM JANUARY 1901.
EMILY HOBHOUSE ESTABLISHED ON 12.2.1901
THAT THE INMATES WERE MAINLY FROM
ROUXVILLE, SMITHFIELD AND ZASTRON
THE MAXIMUM NUMBER OF DETAINEES WAS
REACHED ON 29.10.1901 WHEN THE CAMP
CONTAINED 726 MEN, 1622 WOMEN AND
2395 CHILDREN

INITIALLY THE HIGH RATE OF DEATH
WAS A RESULT OF INEFFICIENT CAMP
SUPERVISION, POOR ACCOMMODATION,
INSUFFICIENT FOOD AND INADEQUATE
SANITATION. LATER IMPROVED RATIONS AND
SANITATION TOGETHER WITH MEDICAL AID
CREATED MORE FAVOURABLE CONDITIONS

A TORNADO STRUCK THE CAMP ON
30.10.1901 CAUSING CONSIDERABLE
DEVASTATION AFTER THE DECLARATION OF
PEACE. THE CAMP PROVIDED TEMPORARY
ACCOMMODATION FOR A NUMBER OF RE-
TURNED PRISONERS OF WAR AND THEIR FAMILIES
BEFORE THEY WERE ABLE TO LEAVE FOR THEIR
HOMES

THE CAMP CLOSED OFFICIALLY ON 28.11.1902

All truncated references not fully cited below are those of Joanna Walker's original text and cited in full in the 'Bibliography' entry of the Lexicon.