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Andrew Geddes Bain Memorial
Ecca Pass, Makhanda (Grahamstown) district, Eastern Cape

William Archibald [Archy] MacDONALD: Architect 1964



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33°13'42.74" S 26°37'58.61" E Alt: 562m

On the R67 road between Fort Beaufort and Makhanda (Grahamstown), on the high ground above the Ecca Pass, commanding a fine view to the north, is situated a memorial to Andrew Geddes Bain.

The memorial was erected in 1964 by the Historical Monuments Commission using a standard design prepared by the PWD architect William Archibald (Archy) MacDONALD. The original commemorative bronze plaque has unfortunately been removed - presumably stolen.

A replacement granite plaque was however installed on the memorial in 2019. This has an English, Afrikaans and Xhosa inscription, which reads as follows:

Andrew Geddes Bain, Road Builder and Geologist
1797 - 1864

Bain built the Oueen's Road to Fort Beaufort via the Ecca Pass and the road
through Pluto's Vale as military roads in 1837-45. His house was then near
here on the Ecca Heights. He became interested in Geology in 1837 during
the construction of the Queen's Road and in the area visible from this spot he
worked out the stratigraphy of the Karoo System and discovered that fossil
reptiles occur in it. Bain was the father of South African Geology.

Historical Monuments Commission
1964 and updated 2019

Andrew Geddes Bain, Padbouer en Geoloog
1797 - 1864

Bain het die Queen's Road na Fort Beaufort or die Eccapas en die pad deur
Pluto's Vale in 1837-45 as militère paaie gebou. Destyds was sy huis hier naby
op die Eccahoogte, ln 1937 het hy in Geologie belangstel gedurend die bou
van die Queen's Road en in die gebied wat hiervandaan skikbaar is het hy die
stratigrafie van die Karroo-sisteem vasgestel en ontdek dat fossiel reptiele
daarin voorkom. Bain was die vader, van die Suid-Afrikaanse geologie.

Historiese Monumente Kommissie
1964 en by gewerk 2019

U-Andrew Geddes Bain, Umakhi wendlela kunye
nomFundi wezamatye nomhlaba

U-Bain wakha iQueen's Road (indlela yeNdlovukazi) eya eBofolo
ngeXerha-pass kunye nondlela eya kwi-Vale ka-Pluto njengendlela zomkhosi
ngo 1837-45. Indlu yakhe dele apha kwindawo yeXerha. Waba nomela
kufundo lwezamatye nomhlaba ngonyaka ka-1837 ngexesha lokwakhiwa
kwe-Queen's Road (indlela yeNalorakani) kunye nomda obonakalayo kule
ndawo, wenza umsebenzl we-stratigraphy yo-Karoo System kwaye wafumanisa
ukuba izidumbu zendalo yakudala ezirhubuluzayo ziyafumaneka kuyo londawo.
U-Bain wabanguyise wofundo Iwezamatye nomblabe waseMzantsi Afrika.

Khomishoni Yezikhumbuzo Zamandulo
Ibhalwe ngonyaka ka 1964, yongezalelwa ngonyaka ka 2019

The memorial precinct was simultaneously upgraded with a concrete approach path to the memorial, the construction of two semicircular low benches around the memorial and a path leading to another five commemorative granite plaques. These plaques are set side by side on a low semicircular concrete bench within a similar larger circular concrete bench.

William Martinson, May 2023.