National Monuments Act, No 28 of 1969
The Natural and Historical Monuments, Relics and Antiques Act was replaced by the National Monuments Act, No 28 of 1969. This Act established the National Monuments Council (NMC) and made it possible for the declaration of a national monument, or a provisional declaration which enabled the NMC to protect an immovable property for five years, whilst investigating the desirability of permanent declaration. This, for the first time in South Africa, lent protection to all heritage through a single Act. In addition, the state, itself, provided the NMC with funds to purchase national monuments or to provide grants to owners of national monuments to effect necessary repairs and maintenance.