Makhanda (Grahamstown), Eastern Cape

Founded: 1820

Named after Makhanda, Xhosa warrior, war doctor, philosopher and prophet.


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The name was officially changed from Grahamstown to Makhanda on 2018 10 04.

For information about Makhanda (Grahamstown) visit the Makana Tourism website and the Cory Library for Historical Research at the Rhodes University.

List of references:

Burrows, Edmund Hartford . 1994. Overberg Odyssey : people, roads and early days. Swellendam: Privately printed in co-operation with the Swellendam Trust. pp 18, 26, 137, 140, 141, 143
Burrows, Edmund Hartford . 1988. Overberg Outspan : A chronicle of people and places in the south western districts of the Cape. Swellendam: Privately printed in co-operation with the Swellendam Trust. pp 27, 30, 80-81, 216
Coyne, Patrick. 2010. A guide to South Africa's mountain passes and poorts. Westville: Osborne Porter Literary Services. pp 159-164
English, John (Illustrator) . . WHAT TO SEE IN GRAHAMSTOWN. : . pp All
Fransen, Hans. 2006. Old towns and villages of the Cape. A survey of the origin and development of towns, villages and hamlets at the Cape of Good Hope. With particular reference to their physical planning and historical landscape. Johannesburg & Cape Town: Jonathan Ball. pp 309-316
Gledhill, Eily, Kearney, Brian & Peters, Walter. 1975. Grahamstown : a pilot study in conservation. Durban: University of Natal. pp All
Gore, James (Compiler). 2005. Albany Museum : celebrating 150 years of heritage. Grahamstown: Trustees of the Albany Museum. pp All
Greig, Doreen. 1971. A Guide to Architecture in South Africa. Cape Town: Howard Timmins. pp 121-126
Maeder, GA & Zinn, C. 1917. Ons kerk album van Hollandsche kerken en leeraren. Capetown: Cape Times. pp 148
Oberholster, JJ. 1972. The historical monuments of South Africa. Cape Town: Rembrandt Van Rijn Foundation for Culture at the request of the National Monuments Council. pp 132-145
Picton-Seymour, Désirée. 1989. Historical Buildings in South Africa. Cape Town: Struikhof Publishers. pp 110-115
Randell, Dorothy. 1980. Grahamstown Magic : Exploring with a Sketchbook. Port Elizabeth: EH Walton. pp All
Reynolds, Rex and Reynolds, Barbara & Lewcock, Ronald [Foreword]. 1974. Grahamstown from cottage to villa. Claremont: David Philip. pp All
Richardson, Deirdré. 2001. Historic Sites of South Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers. pp 22-28
Van der Riet, Frank Geoffrey. 1974. Grahamstown in Early photographs. Cape Town: David Philip. pp All
Willcox, JS . 1889. Views of Grahamstown from photographs. Grahamstown: Unidentified. pp All

List of structures:

1820 Settlers' Memorial: 1953.
1820 Settlers' Memorial - First: 1921.
1820 Settlers' National Monument: 1967.
Albany Anglo-Boer War Memorial: 1906.
Albany Hotel: 1919.
Albany House: 1865.
Albany Museum - First: 1897.
Albany Museum - Second: 1945.
Albany Museum, History Building: 1963.
Albany Museum, Natural Sciences Building: 1945.
Andrew Geddes Bain Memorial: 1964. Ecca Pass,
Artificer's Square: 1824.
Baptist Mother Church: 1843.
Beaumont and Rice Building: n.d..
Belmont: n.d..
Bible Monument: 1962.
Blaauwkrantz Bridge: 1884.
Botanical Gardens and Historic House: n.d..
Botha's Post Signal Tower: 1837-1846.
Boys' High School: 1898.
Brickfield Chimneys: 1902.
Bucklands Farm: n.d..
Carlisle Bridge - Great Fish River: 1863.
Cathedral church of St Michael and St George: 1824 : 1874 : 1889-1892 : 1911.
Centenary Memorial: 1912.
Chapel House: n.d..
Christ Church: 1871-1876.
Clough Bridge - Great Fish River: 1873.
Cock House: 1835.
Commemoration Methodist Church: 1845.
Complex of early 19th-century gabled town dwellings: n.d..
Copeland and Creed bldg: 1892.
Dick King Memorial: 1942. Trompetter,
Dick King Memorial: n.d..
Diocesan School for Girls: 1893.
Diocesan School for Girls, Victoria Library: 1908.
Diocesan Training College, St Peter's chapel: 1915.
Divisional Council Building: n.d..
Drostdy: 1822 - c1828.
Drostdy Barracks and Lodge: 1822 : 1828.
Drostdy Gates - Arch: 1842.
Eastern Province Bldg Soc bldg: 1927.
Eastern Star Building: n.d..
Ecca Pass: 1837.
Egazini Memorial: 2001. Fingo Village,
Fever Hospital: n.d..
Fisher’s Buildings - Jodebs Building: 1949.
Fordyce Conservatory: 1855.
Fort Double Drift: late 1830s.
Fort England, including East Barracks - Later Lunatic Asylum, then Mental Hospital: 1815 : 1825 : 1894.
Fort Selwyn: 1835.
Fort Willshire: 1819.
Glen Boyd: 1858.
Governor's Kop Tower: 1844.
Grant House, Graeme College: 1929.
Great War Memorial: 1919.
Grocott and Sherry Store: 1907.
Grocott's Mail Building: 1869.
Guardian Assurance Office: 1867.
H Maynard Drinking Fountain: 1861.
Hawthornes, for George Wood Jnr: pre-1858.
Hill Organ - Wesleyan Methodist Church: 1832.
Hilton Farmhouse: 1834.
Hilton House: 1825.
Hoërskool PJ Olivier: 1956.
Hounslow: 1820.
House Dr Jack Greathead: 1863.
House Galpin - Mosdene: c1895.
House Galpin: Tower house, (now the Observatory Museum): 1850 : 1982.
House Greystones for George Wood Snr but rejected by latter, now Josie Wood Bldg: pre-1861.
House John Wood, now Crossways, Westhill: pre-1858.
House Lady Maasdorp: n.d..
House Mrs Blaine: 1896.
House Pieter Retief, adjoining Provost House: High St.
Huis WEG Louw - Hostel for Hoërskool PJ Olivier: 1963.
Huntley Street School: 1844.
Jagger House, Kingswood College: 1904.
Johan Carinus Art Centre: n.d..
John Oats Cottage: n.d..
Kingswood Cadet Detachment Memorial: n.d.. Kingswood College,
Kingswood College: 1896.
Kingswood College Chapel: n.d..
Magistrate's Court: c1890.
Memory Hall; Griffin House at St Andrew's prep school: n.d..
Mental Hospital, Grahamstown: n.d..
Milestone: 1864.
Military Gaol: 1836.
Military Provost: 1836.
Mother Cecile Memorial Hall: 1909.
Muirhead & Gowie store: 1907.
Municipal Power Station: n.d..
Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk: 1951.
Oatlands House: 1823.
Observatory Museum: 1850.
Old Cemeteries Memorial: 1989.
Old Gaol - First: 1813.
Old Gaol - Second: 1823.
Old Military Complex: n.d..
Old Mutual: c1902.
Old Residency: c1842.
Old School Hall: 1895.
Phoenix Roller Mills: n.d..
Pillar Post Box: n.d..
Post Office: pre-1905.
Precinct Stone, The: 1962.
Primary School, adds: 1936.
Princess Alice Hall: n.d..
Provost Building: 1836.
Railway Station Building, Courtyard Platform & Wall Postbox: n.d..
Retreat No. 1: 1821.
Rhodes University Chapel of St Mary and all the Angels: 1915.
Rhodes University College: 1911.
Rhodes University College, men's dining hall: 1923.
Rhodes University College, men's hostel: 1926.
Rhodes University, Cullen Bowles House: c1970.
Rhodes University, Eden Grove: n.d..
Rhodes University, Education Building: 2015.
Rhodes University, Great War Memorial 1914-18 and 1939-45: 1923.
Rhodes University, Jameson House: 1921.
Rhodes University, Main Administration Building: 1936.
Rhodes University, men's residence: 1935.
Rhodes University, Mmakgano Charlotte Maxeke House: 1921.
Rhodes University, plans for hostel: 1934.
Rhodes University, Schönland Building: c1845.
Rhodes University, St Peter's Building: n.d..
Rhodes University, The College House: c1925.
Royal Engineers Building: 1823 - 1863.
SA Permanent Building - City Treasury Department: c1985.
Sanlamgebou / Sanlam Building: 1960s?.
Schönland Building, Rhodes University: c1845.
Scott's Barracks: n.d..
Selwyn Castle: 1834.
Settler Family: 1969.
Settler's Memorial Tower: 1870.
Shaw Chapel: n.d..
Shaw College: 1864.
Shaw Hall: 1832.
Shaw Methodist Church: 1905.
Signal Tower: 1843.
Sole Memorial Church: n.d..
St Aidan's College: 1872.
St Aiden's College Chapel: 1876.
St Andrew's College: 1898.
St Andrew's College Memorial Chapel: 1905.
St Andrew's College Memorial Tower: 1923.
St Andrew's College, Additional Buildings: n.d..
St Andrew's College, boarding house: 1912.
St Andrew's College, Mullins's House: 1923.
St Andrew's School, Lower School House: 1909.
St Bartholomew's Almshouse: n.d..
St Bartholomew's Church and Hall: 1857.
St Bartholomew's School: 1850.
St Patrick's Church: 1844.
St Peter's Anglican Church: 1877.
St Peter's Boarding House for training college: 1908.
St Peter's Home, Mother Cecile Memorial Hall: 1909.
St Philip's Anglican Church: 1860. Fingo Village,
Standard Bank: 1931.
Steinmann's Hotel: n.d..
Supreme Court: n.d..
Synagogue: 1913.
Tarka Post: 1849.
Temlett House: 1820.
Tower house: 1850.
Town Hall: 1870.
Trinity Presbyterian Church: 1842.
Trompetter’s Drift Post: n.d..
Tryall Cottage: 1824.
Victoria Fever Hospital: n.d..
Victoria GHS boarding house, adds: 1936.
Victoria Girls' School: 1897.
Wesleyan Chapel: 1861.
Wesleyan High School for Girls - Kingwood College Boarding House: 1897.
Wesleyan Methodist Church: 1913-1914.
Woodville: 1860.