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Born: 1754 06 11
Died: 1822 03 04


Born Reigel near Freuburg-im-Breisgau, Baden, Germany, Anreith is best known in South Africa as a sculptor. He arrived at the Cape of Good Hope as a soldier in the service of the Dutch East-India Company in 1777. His work is well-documented. Anreith was responsible for one authenticated building which, according to Fransen & Cook (1980:43) is the Lutheran Church in Strand Street, Cape Town, now a National Monument, and built between 1791-92. The building had been put up by Martin Melck, a rich Lutheran, as a large shed-cum-storage building to serve as a meeting place for few Lutherans in Cape Town. On gaining a pastor in 1780, the Lutherans turned the shed into a church, employing Anreith to carry out the design for the conversion, consisting of a facade design. As Fransen points out Anreith's design as built was subsequently altered and Anreith's pediment was removed and a tower built in its place. In 1786, he was appointed master-sculptor to the Dutch East India Company. He worked closely with Louis Michel THIBAULT.

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List of projects

With photographs
With notes

Customs House: 1814. Central, Cape Town, Western Cape - Artist
Lutheran Church: 1791. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Martin Melck House (Old Lutheran Parsonage): 1781. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Masonic Hall - Lodge de Goede Hoop: 1801. Cape Town, Western Cape - Sculptor

Books citing ANREITH

Cooper, A A. 1986. The Freemasons of South Africa. Cape Town: Human & Rousseau. pp 40

Crump, Alan & Van Niekerk, Raymund. 1988. Public sculptures & reliefs Cape Town. Cape Town: Clifton Publications. pp 32; 38; 44, 46 (ill.); 50( ill.); 77

De Bosdari, C. 1954. Anton Anreith : Africa's first sculptor. Cape Town: AA Balkema. pp All

Fransen, Hans. 2004. The old buildings of the Cape. A survey of extant architecture from before c1910 in the area of Cape Town - Calvinia - Colesberg - Uitenhage. Johannesburg & Cape Town: Jonathan Ball Publishers. pp 29, 31, 32, 33, 35, 37, 47, 65, 141, 143

Fransen, Hans. 2014. Cape Baroque and the contribution of Anton Anreith. Stellenbosch: SUN Media (imprint RAP). pp 97-127

Greig, Doreen. 1971. A Guide to Architecture in South Africa. Cape Town: Howard Timmins. pp 25, 41, 88-89, 90-92, 220

Hartdegen, Paddy. 1988. Our building heritage : an illustrated history. South Africa: Ryll's Pub. Co. on behalf of the National Development Fund for the Building Industry. pp 38

Laidler, P[ercy] W[ard]. [1933]. Tavern of the ocean, A : Being a social and historical sketch of Cape Town from its earliest days.. Cape Town: Maskew Miller. pp 87, 92, 118, 153, 203

Lewcock, Ronald. 1963. Early Nineteenth Century Architecture in South Africa : a study of the interaction of two cultures, 1795-1837. Cape Town: AA Balkema. pp 16, 17, 26, 54, 59, 62, 76-77, 80, 83, 108, 278, 352, 355

Oberholster, JJ. 1972. The historical monuments of South Africa. Cape Town: Rembrandt Van Rijn Foundation for Culture at the request of the National Monuments Council. pp 4, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 28, 29, 32, 51, 72

Oxley, John. 1992. Places of Worship in South Africa. Halfway House: Southern Book Publishers. pp 36, 82

Picton-Seymour, Désirée. 1989. Historical Buildings in South Africa. Cape Town: Struikhof Publishers. pp 12, 13, 14, 15, 19, 22, 26, 31, 44, 65

Placzek, Adolf K (Editor in Chief). 1982. Macmillan encyclopedia of architects (Volume 1 of 4). New York: The Free Press. pp 82

SABC. sa [1959?]. Our Art. Pretoria: Lantern / SABC. pp 43-48