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DUGUID, Alexander Eleazar

Born: 1850
Died: 1916 03 22


An early architect in Johannesburg of whom his obituarist, EH WAUGH, noted that: 'his largest efforts in the way of business premises were ... quite successful expositions of classical designs' (Jnl ATA Jun 1916:20 obit). So far no record has been found of any of these in South Africa. Duguid was born in Ballater, Aberdeenshire and was articled to Duguid & Sons, his father's firm. He studied art at Aberdeen. In 1882 he emigrated to Melbourne, Australia for health reasons with his wife and young family. He proceeded to build up a flourishing practice in Melbourne, where among other designs, he was responsible for Staine's Store in Swanston St and Churches at Essendon, Moonee Ponds, Flemington, Kensington and many other places. It was probably the 1896 Australian depression which brought him to South Africa, although the last entry for him in Australian records is 5 January 1891. In South Africa he was in practice in Stellenbosch from 1897 to 1902 when he left for Johannesburg where he appears to have set up practice on his own account.

Duguid appears to have worked frequently in Scottish Baronial style, notably for private house designs. His best known building, at least among his contemporaries, was a large house named 'Toward' on the Berea in Johannesburg, in the same baronial style. Duguid was also the first president of the Short Hand Writers' Association. He died in Johannesburg at 102 Frances St, Bellevue.

There is also a listing of this practitioner on the Dictionary of Scottish Architects.

(Jnl ATA Jun 1916:20 obit; Lewis 1986; TAD MHG 28343)

All truncated references not fully cited in 'References' are those of Joanna Walker's original text and cited in full in the 'Bibliography' entry of the Lexicon.

List of projects

With photographs
With notes

House C Saintz: 1902. Berea, Johannesburg, Gauteng - Architect
House: Toward: c1902. Berea, Johannesburg, Gauteng - Architect