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Passes Road
Knysna district, Western Cape

Adam G DE SMIDT: Contractor
Adam G DE SMIDT: Engineer
Thomas Charles John BAIN: Engineer
Date:1867-1882 (1887)
Client:South African Roads
Type:Mountain Pass

A road surveyed by both Thomas BAIN and his brother-in-law Adam De SMIDT although it is said that this led to altercation and life-long estrangement. The Great Fire of 1869 swept through this area of forest, clearing the hilltops and leaving only the deep kloofs with trees, which assisted in the clearing of trees for the construction. There are a number of passes along the route, namely Kaimansgat Pass, Trek-en-Touw (a corruption of the Khoi 'Trakede Kau, literally 'Maiden's Pass'), Duiwelskop Pass, Hoogekraal, Homtini Gorge Pass, eventually to join Phantom Pass. It was the main road between George and Knysna for seventy years before being replaced by the National Road along the coast in 1952.

All truncated references not fully cited below are those of Joanna Walker's original text and cited in full in the 'Bibliography' entry of the Lexicon.

Writings about this entry

Coyne, Patrick. 2010. A guide to South Africa's mountain passes and poorts. Westville: Osborne Porter Literary Services. pg 107-111