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VIXSEBOXSE, Johannes Egbertus

Born: 1863 08 31
Died: 1943 01 18

Architect


VIXSEBOXSE was born in Almelo, Netherlands, he was the sixth and youngest child of Bernardus Vixseboxse (1820 10 26), a carpenter contractor, and his wife, Janneken Lulof (1822 10 24) whom he married in Almelo on 12 May 1849.

Like his eldest brother Bernardus (1850 03 06) and the second eldest, Gerrit Willem (1856 03 10), he was probably apprenticed as a carpenter by day and at night was a pupil at a school for drawing before he could start his own business. On 9 September 1888 he left Rotterdam for the South African Republic, where he joined the PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT under the competent direction of the architect Sytze WIERDA who had come to the Transvaal the previous year at the invitation of Pres. SJP Kruger. Shortly after his arrival in the Transvaal he persuaded his brother-in-law's brother, MCA MEISCHKE, to settle in the Republic as a building contractor. According to Rex (1957:27), he joined Klaas VAN RIJSSE in partnership in Pretoria in 1889. On 10 September 1890 he was appointed Government Architect in the PWD of the Orange Free State, replacing R HALLE who had been retrenched in 1886, owing to the depression of the 1880s.

He was also permitted to do private work, the landdrost's office in Ficksburg (1892), now the JIJ Fick Museum is attributed to Vixseboxse (Schoeman 1985:77-79), and also seems to have been in association with JH MULLER in 1892. He seems to have found time, while in Bloemfontein, to conduct classes in Architectural Draughting for the public at Grey College. In 1893 he, in collaboration with DE WENTINK, won the competition for the Natural History Museum in Cape Town whereupon Vixseboxse resigned as Government Architect on 1 May 1893 and set up practice in Cape Town, leaving his assistant WENTINK to take up his position with the OFS PWD. After his departure he suffered censure by members of the Volksraad, a Mr Fischer noting that “... this official was deficient in many ways” and displeasure recorded at the supervision of contracts in outlying areas, one A J Burger commenting that “ experts ... have no practical experience and have less sense about stones than the common sense of an ordinary person” (in Roodt, 1987:154-5).

He and WENTINK were subsequently placed second in the competition for the Cape Town City Hall in 1894.

When in the Cape he is recorded (Walker, 2011: 13) as having additions to a Miss Nicholson’s home, named Muizenberg House (c/o Gill and Main Roads, Muizenberg 1897, demolished), a hotel (ibid: 14), Scowen’s Hotel, later Marine Hotel (Muizenberg, 1898), a store for Frikkie Auret (ibid: 14) (Auret Rd, Muizenberg, 1901), a home for a Mrs Volsteedt (ibid: 14) (Atlantic Road, Muizenberg, 1902)

Vixseboxse served on the committee which drafted the constitution of the South African Society of Architects in Cape Town in 1899. He left for the Netherlands during the Anglo-Boer War but returned to South Africa in 1902 to join the office of Charles BULLOCK Oudtshoorn (cf BULLOCK & VIXSEBOXSE). The practice flourished, making the most of the ostrich feather boom. [However, whether this practice actually existed is disputed by current researchers who find no evidence to support this and it remains a contentious record. (Eds, 2014)]. He was appointed architect-in-charge for WH LOUW's Dutch Reformed Church building at Calitzdorp (1910-1912) and left Oudtshoorn in 1914, owing largely to the collapse of the ostrich feather market. The General directory of United South Africa listed him as working in Port Elizabeth in 1915.

In 1925, after an absence of nearly twenty years from Muizenberg, he is recorded (Walker, 2011:14) of designing extentions to Hooten’s Garage (Main Road, Muizenberg, later Bingham’s Motor Garage, now the Masque Theatre).

He died in Johannesburg.

SASA; FCIA 1911. (Gen dir USA 1915) Publ: Italian works of art, AB&E Jan 1921:24

All truncated references not fully cited in 'References' are those of Joanna Walker's original text and cited in full in the 'Bibliography' entry of the Lexicon.

List of projects

With photographs
With notes


2 single Storey Dwellings for I Schulman: 1898. Richmond Estate, Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
3 Single Storey Dwellings for I Schulman: 1898. Walmer Estate, Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
4 Single Storey Dwellings for EAC Grader: 1899. Rondebosch, Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
AJ Roux Premises: ?? : 1901. Cardoville, Gauteng - Architect
Ajmoodien E Shops and Dwelling: 1901. Salt River, Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Albany Museum: 1897. Makhanda (Grahamstown), Eastern Cape - Architect
Blacksmith's Shop: ?? : 1898. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Boys' High School Gymnasium - now CP Nel Museum: 1912. Oudtshoorn, Western Cape - Architect
Crystal cottages - Addition of 2 Shops: 1902. Salt River, Western Cape - Architect
Damensinstituut 'Upper House': c1890. Bloemfontein, Free State - Architect
Dan Mills and Sons Bakery: ?? : 1899. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Das Deutsche Haus: ?? : 1895. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Dutch Reformed Church Hall, Offices etc: 1900. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Ebell and Co: ?? : 1896. Bokaap, Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Erritt Lodge: 1894. Claremont, Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Flensburg Villa: ?? : 1898. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Gaiety Theatre: 1912. Calitzdorp, Western Cape - Architect
Gaiety Theatre: 1912. Oudtshoorn, Western Cape - Architect
General Post Office: 1897 : 1905. Johannesburg, Gauteng - Architect Original design
Girls' School Hostel: 1982. Bethlehem, Free State - Design Architect
Good Hope Seminary: ?? : 1896. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Government Buildings - Third Raadzaal - National Museum of Afrikaans Literature: 1875 : 1895 : 1906 : 1911. Bloemfontein, Free State - Design Architect 1895
Groote Kerk: 1835-1836. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Groote Kerk Store: 1899. Gardens, Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Gustav Anderson and Co: ?? : 1901. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Hirsch's Temperance Hotel - Scowen's Hotel - Marine Hotel: 1892 : 1898 : 1908. Muizenberg, Western Cape - Architect 1898
Hofmeyer Chambers: ?? : 1893. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Home for 'Poor Whites': 1897. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Hooten’s Garage - Extensions: 1925. Muizenberg, Western Cape - Architect
House Edmeades - Pinehurst: 1911. Oudtshoorn, Western Cape - Architect
House for B Volsteedt: 1902. Maitland, Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
House for CJF Theron: ?? : 1896. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
House for EH Lucouw: ?? : 1900. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
House Miss Nicholson: ?? : 1897. Table View, Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
House PJ Bosman: ?? : 1896. Gardens, Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
House Volsteedt: 1902. Muizenberg, Western Cape - Architect
Industrial School: 1911. Oudtshoorn, Western Cape - Architect
Iziko South African Museum: 1893. Central, Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Kindersendinghuis: 1898. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Lewin Bos: 1901. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Magistrate's Court - now the Fick Museum: 1890s. Ficksburg, Free State - Architect
Market bldg: pre-1908. Johannesburg, Gauteng - Architect
Muizenberg House - Additions: 1896. Muizenberg, Western Cape - Architect
National Bank of the SA Republic Ltd.: 1896. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Natural History Museum: 1893. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk: 1910. Calitzdorp, Western Cape - Project Architect
Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk: 1897. Woodstock, Western Cape - Architect
Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk: 1831-1832 : 1842 : 1897-1898. Wynberg, Western Cape - Architect 1897
Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk - Second: 1892 : 1919. Beaufort West, Western Cape - Architect tower 1919
New Station Building: 1891. Bloemfontein, Free State - Design Architect
NG Kerk, pulpit: 1910. De Rust, Western Cape - Architect
Orange Grove: ?? : 1898. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Orphanage & Shops: n.d.. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Painter's Workshop for HD Hunt: 1896. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Parsonage for the Dutch Reformed Church: 1899. Gardens, Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Pinehurst - House Edmeades: 1911. Oudtshoorn, Western Cape - Architect
Post Office: 1891. Bloemfontein, Free State - Design Architect
Post Office: 1901. ?, Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Premises for HAP Burmeister: 1900. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Premises of Mrs De Kock: ?? : 1898. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Residence for C Wilkinson: 1899. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Shop and Dwelling for Joos Fritz: 1897. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Silberbauer, Whal and Fuller: ?? : 1900. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Standard Bank: 1911-1912. Calitzdorp, Western Cape - Architect
Store for Frikkie Auret: 1901. Muizenberg, Western Cape - Architect
Upper House: n.d.. Bloemfontein, Free State - Design Architect
Varney's Corner: ?? : 1898. Cape Town, Western Cape - Architect
Volkshospitaal [National Hospital]: 1892. Bloemfontein, Free State - Design Architect

Articles citing VIXSEBOXSE

Ferreira, Naas. 1983. J.E. Vixseboxse 1836 - 1943. Restorica: Journal of the Simon van der Stel Foundation No 13, April

Unknown. 1978. Stukkie van Pretoria in die Kaap. Restorica: Journal of the Simon van der Stel Foundation. Vol 19 No 36, August 23-24

Unknown. 1977. Stukkie van Pretoria in die Kaap. Die Burger 16 June

Unknown. 1984. Article with reference to Vixseboxse. SA Panorama 30 Nov

Books citing VIXSEBOXSE

Bakker, Karel A, Clarke, Nicholas J. 2014. Eclectic ZA Wilhelmiens : A shared Dutch built heritage in South Africa. Pretoria: Visual Books. pp 76, 77, 87, 195-196, 199-200

Brown, SM. 1969. Architects and others: an annotated list of people of South African interest appearing in the RIBA Journal 1880 1925. Johannesburg: Unpublished dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand. pp

Fransen, Hans. 2004. The old buildings of the Cape. A survey of extant architecture from before c1910 in the area of Cape Town - Calvinia - Colesberg - Uitenhage. Johannesburg & Cape Town: Jonathan Ball Publishers. pp 36, 87, 124, 498, 507, 508, 509

HSRC. 1987. Dictionary of South African Biography Volume V. Pretoria: Human Sciences Research Council. pp 849

Langham-Carter, RR. 1979. Nineteenth century architects etc. in the Western Cape. Cape Town: Unpublished MS, UCT Library. pp

Picton-Seymour, Désirée. 1977. Victorian Buildings in South Africa. Cape Town: AA Balkema. pp 80*, 81, 155, 159*, 161, 163*, 276, 295, 365, 367*

Picton-Seymour, Désirée. 1989. Historical Buildings in South Africa. Cape Town: Struikhof Publishers. pp 12, 15, 87, 129, 168

Radford, D. 1979. The architecture of the Western Cape, 1838 1901. A study of the impact of Victorian aesthetics and technology on South African architecture. Johannesburg: Unpublished Ph.D thesis. Dept of Arch. University of the Witwatersrand. pp

Roodt, Leon. 1987. The Architecture of the Orange Free State Republic 1854-1902. Bloemfontein: Unpublished Ph.D. pp 143, 145, 146, 149, 150, 152, 153, 154

Schoeman, Karel. 1980. Bloemfontein: die ontstaan van n stad. Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau. pp 121b-122a, 122b, 123a

Schoeman, Karel. 1982. Vrystaatse erfenis : Bouwerk en geboue in die 19de eeu. Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau. pp 94, 95, 98, 101-102, 105, 107 (x2), illus. 55 (portrait)

Schoeman, Karel. 1985. Boukunsskatte van die Vrystaat / Free State Heritage. Roodepoort: CUM Boeke vir Stigting NALM. pp 64, 78

Van Winter, PJ. 1938. Onder Krugers Hollanders : Geschiedenis van de Nederlandsche Zuid-Afrikaansche Spoorweg-Maatschappij. Tweede Deel. Amsterdam: JH de Bussy. pp 36 n1

Von Wurzburg-Schade, J H F. 1897. South African agriculturists' year book and almanac for 1897 : the Cape farmers' own vade mecum. Cape Town: Western Province Pub. Co.. pp 129 Add

Walker, Michael. 2010. A Statement In Stone. Cape Town: Privately published by Michael Walker. pp 12-13

Walker, Michael. 2012. Early architects of Cape Town and their buildings (1820 - 1926) with postcard illustrations, The. St James: Michael Walker. pp 57-59

Walker, Michael. 2013. The pioneer architects of Johannesburg and their buildings (1886 - 1899) with postcard illustrations. St James: The Kalk Bay Historical Assosiation. pp 13, 20